• Skip to main content
  • Skip to main navigation
  • Contact Us
  • English
  • मराठी

BARTI    |

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Research and Training Institute

(An Autonomous Institute of the Department of Social Justice and Special Assistance, Government of Maharashtra)


About the Department



The research department of BARTI was established in the year 2013.The department is known as key resource department working on issues of Social justice and equality that requires in-depth research, analysis and evaluation. BARTI envisages to encourage research in all areas connected to Social Justice and Equity such as Removal of Caste Bias, development of Scientific Temperament, Ethics and Moral Values, Fraternity and brotherhood, National Integration, Communal Harmony, Peace and Tolerance, Justice for women, Removal of Disparity, etc. Efforts related to these research focus areas will result in findings that will have national relevance and in providing crucial inputs for policy makers.


 Project 1 – A Study of Socio-Economic and Educational Status of the Mang Garudi Community in Pune District

  • The aim of the study was to understand the socio-economic-educational and other backwardness of Mang Garudi Community of Maharashtra.
  • A survey of 1273 households had been conducted in Pune district. Prior to this, a pilot survey had been conducted in Bhandara-Gondia, Pune and Nashik to know the demographic details and issues related to the community.
  • Final report of the study has been prepared and sent to the Government of Maharashtra.
  • On the basis of the study, the research article has been published Journal of Peoples Studies, a peer reviewed journal.

Project 2- A Study of Socio-Economic and Educational Status of the Holar Community

  • The objective of study is to understand the socio-economic and educational condition of Holar community of Maharashtra.
  • Discussions and meetings with Holar community leaders and activists were organized with the aim of understanding the characteristics and problems of this community.
  • Literature Review had been carried out.
  • Out of total 6686 households, 20 per cent households had been selected for study using simple random sampling.
  • Total 1380 households were covered from Beed, Parbhani, Solapur and Sangli districts under data collection process.
  • Data entry and data analysis work is completed.
  • A Draft Report writing is in progress.

 Project 3- Institutional Research Collaboration

Under this research, BAMU’s proposal on “Educational and socio-economic status of Gatai Charmakars in Aurangabad and Nasik – A comparative study” has been selected. A draft report has been submitted by the researcher to BARTI.

Project 4- Survey of Availability of Amenities to Settlement of more than 50% of Scheduled Castes Population in Maharashtra

The aim of this study is to understand the status of amenities available in SC settlements and to explain the reasons behind poor quality, inadequacy and unavailability of basic amenities.

  • Concept note has been prepared
  • State level Data regarding to 50% SC households were collected and primarily analyzed.
  • One-day training for investigators has been organized with the aim to introduce them the Dalit wasti project, and questionnaires.
  • Survey has been completed in 42 villages from 7 district of Maharashtra.
  • Scrutiny of collected data and data entry is in progress.

Project 5: A Study of ‘Present socio-economic status of SC Girls who completed Higher Education’ in Maharashtra

  • Preparation of concept note is in progress.
  • Started the collection of the list of medical, engineering and law Colleges in Pune and Aurangabad districts.

 Project 6: Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar: An Eminent Economist”

  1. Proposals for research on Dr. B. R. Ambedkar- An Eminent Economist had been invited. Aim of the project is to undertake the research on vision of Dr. Ambedkar on economic reform and related fields and its present relevance.
  2. The received proposals were scrutinized.
  3. Meeting has been organized to have a dialogue with selected researchers.
  4. MoU have been done with selected researchers.

Following research projects have been selected under this project:

  • Economic Thoughts of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar and Its Relevance in the World Economic Context” from Solapur University.
  • “Dr. Ambedkar: An Eminent Economist” from Mumbai University
  • “Relevance of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar’s Economic Thought to the Agrarian Distress and Farmers’ Suicide in Maharashtra” from   Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathvada University (BAMU).
  • “Collective Farming and Contemporary Challenges: Dr. Ambedkar’s Thoughts on Agriculture” from Sathye Mahavidyalay Mumbai.                                                            

Primary as well as secondary data collection work has been completed and draft report has been submitted by researchers.

Project 7: On the occasion of Bharatratna Dr. Babasaheb Ambedker’s birth anniversary following competitions have been organized

  • State level Ekantika (play) competition on Dr. Babasaheb  Ambedkar’s book on Ánnihilation of Caste’        
  • State level essay writing competition on how to develop personality like Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar in Family.                                         
  • Documentary on Social harmony.

 Project 8: Study of Gosavi Community in Maharashtra.

  • Literature review work and concept note preparation has been prepared.
  • Organising training programme of the investigator is in progress.

 Project 9: Study of Mhasan Jogi Community in Maharashtra

  • Questionnaire has been developed aiming to collect data on Socio- Economic condition of Mhasan-jogi community.

Project 10: A study of present status of Matang Community in Maharashtra

  • Secondary data collection on this topic is in progress.

Project 11: District level coaching classes for preparation of various pre-competitive exams for SC candidates.

  • Preparation of the concept note is in progress.

Project 12: Action research of inter-caste/inter-religious marriages in Maharashtra

  • Literature review work and concept note preparation is in progress.



Project:- 13

Key Research Areas (54 topics) (Year 2012 - 2015)

From 2012 after a no. of brainstorming sessions with experts from various fields BARTI came up with a list of research areas related to Equity and Social Justice, Removal of Caste Bias, development of Scientific Temperament, Ethics and Moral Values, Fraternity and brotherhood, National Integration, Communal Harmony, Peace and Tolerance, Justice for women, Removal of Disparity, etc.

This list is not exhaustive. It is representative of the kind of research that BARTI envisages to encourage. We encourage research in all areas connected to Social Justice and Equity. The list of Key Research Areas is displayed on BARTI’s Website.


Project:- 14

A Comparative Ethnographic study of Scheduled Caste and other castes (2013)

Taking advantage of similar caste names, some open category/other castes avail the benefits meant for the scheduled castes, other backward castes, Vimukta Jatis and Nomadic Tribes. Also there is severe lack of written literature/documentation available on certain castes among Scheduled castes.  BARTI being the coordination agency of CVCs in Maharashtra, felt the need of a study on finding the similarity and differences on crucial aspects of such vulnerable castes and other castes taking illegal benefits. 

As every caste has its own characteristics, customs, traditions, rites and rituals by which the caste can be recognized, hence a comparative ethnographic study of pseudo castes with the real castes was undertaken as mentioned below:


Sr. No.

Caste Name

Secondary/Empirical based


Mala Jangam (SC – 58) and

Jangam (OBC – 42)





Reports based on Secondary & Empirical data.


Beda Jangam/Budga Jangam (SC-9)

and Jangam (OBC – 58)


Kunbi (OBC – 83)

and Maratha Kunbi (Open)


Rajput Bhamta (VJ – 10)

and Rajput Pardeshi (Open)


Gujjar (OBC–326), Jain Gujjar (Open), Konkan Gujjar (Brahmin)


Chaparbandh (VJ – 14)

 and Fakir (OBC – 335)


Joshi (NT-B -13)

Report based on Secondary Literature.


Project:- 16

Socio- Economic and Educational Status of SC population in PMC Pune slums (2014)

The study is regarding a Holistic Study of SC population residing in the slums of PMC      Area. A Pilot study of one slum (Kamghar Putla Slum, Shivajinagar) including 504 households was completed. (FGDs) and workshops were organized for youth, women and elders from the slum and all stakeholders as a part of participatory appraisal.

Project:- 17

Baseline survey of Pardhi community (2014 -2015)

The study was undertaken to study socio - economic, health and educational status of Pardhi community residing in Pune and Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal areas and to understand the impediments in social economic and educational development of Pardhi community.


Project:- 18

“Removal of Area Restriction in respect of Kaikadi Community in Maharashtra and enlist them in the list of Scheduled Castes” (2014- 2015):

The study was undertaken to look into the prevalence of the practice of untouchability among Kaikadis. Belonging to VJ and to ascertain whether they have any indicators for identifying them as SC.

 Project:- 19

Caste Panchayats/Gavaki: Study of affected families from Maharashtra (2015):

The study looked into the existence of the caste/Jaat panchayat and its presence among various castes, understand the nature, status, mechanism of dispute settlement caste etc.


Project:- 20

Census Compilation for SCs population (2014-2015)

District wise Census population data compilation of 1961, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011 of the 59 Scheduled castes of Maharashtra, can be useful while carrying research on the 59 SC castes of Maharashtra. Being made available on BARTI’s website.


Project:- 21

Compilation of State Backward Class Commission reports - Documentation and Indexing project (2014-2015) –

114 proceedings from the year 2005 to 2013, 42 reports, 141 files and 2 GR books regarding various castes scanned and indexed. The scanned documents will be useful while undertaking research studies on various castes. Due to digitalization, the above reports can be protected and secured when required.

Project:- 22

Study of the situation of Safai Karamcharis in Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC), (2015-2016):


The study probed the socio-economic-educational and health status of the safai-karamcharis and also tried to look into the implementation of “The Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013”.


Project:- 23

A study on Indicators of Social Backwardness of Scheduled Castes (SC) in comparison with others for the State of Maharashtra (2017) –

The study was regarding the existing socio-economic-educational disparities between SCs vis-à-vis the others from 1990 onwards to the present period

Workshops Organized by Research Department-1 (2013-2017) 

  1. Workshops for different SC Communities (2013-2016)

7 Workshops held during the survey of Ethnographic study of castes –

For Ambi Navadi, Chaparbandh, Dhor, Hindu-Khatik, Matang, Rajput Bhamta, Mehtar castes. Total 2050 participants (Youth, Men, and Women) participated in the workshops.


  1. Workshops during the Kamghar Putla Slum Survey (2013-2014)

5 Workshops held during the survey of Slum Project on De-addiction, Skill Development Career/Education guidance, Women empowerment through SHGs, Awareness on Domestic Violence Act. Total 350 (Men, Women, Youth) participated in the workshops.


  1. Workshops during the survey of Safai Karamcharis (2015):

As per the findings of the survey, 4 Workshops held in all four zones of the PMC to educate the Safai Karmacharis about the Prohibition and Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers’ Act 2013, Various Government Schemes, Social Justice and Equality, Anti- Superstition Act and De-addiction.


  1. Research Methodology Workshops (2013-2017):
  • 5-day residential “Research Methodology Workshops” for the selected fellowship candidates of the year 2013, 2014 and 2015 was conducted in Pune.
  • Total 3 workshops conducted were in 180 fellowship candidates participated.
  • 2 Interactive session was conducted for fellowship candidates at Yashada, Pune regarding Research topic of fellows.


Current Ongoing Projects:- 


  1. Research Projects –
  • To study Socio-Economic-Educational & Cultural Status of all 59 SC castes of Maharashtra under the title “Anything and everything about SCs” to create database of most genuine source of the same.
  • Action Research on “Socio-Economic-Educational-Health status of SCs” residing in Slums in PMC.
  • Socio-Economic-Educational Study of Mehtar/ Walmiki Community in Maharashtra.
  • Socio-Economic-Educational-Cultural Status of Madiga Community in Maharashtra.
  • A comparative study on “Socio-Economic-Educational and Ethnographic status of Kaikadis (SCs) of Vidharba and Kaikadis (VJs) from rest of Maharashtra.


  • Under Institutional Research Collaboration
  • Untouchability, Caste Discrimination, and Atrocities in Rural Maharashtra: A Study of Change, Continuity, Causes and Policy Reform”.



Upcoming Events